Mount Erebus

The southernmost active volcano is located in Ross Island.  Mount Erebus has a summit elevation of 3,794 metres. It was discovered in 1841 by a British expedition and was given a name after a Greek god of Chaos.


The volcano has been observed to be continuously active since 1972 due to its location on a crust fracture. The last volcano eruption was recorded in 1978.

Nowadays, Mount Erebus is the most active volcano in the world. The diameter of the crater is 800 metres and it has an open lava lake inside.

The volcano itself and flanks are covered by many steam ice towers with a height up to 20 metres. Those geological formations look similar to surfaces of Mars and moons of  Saturn, Jupiter and Neptune

Frozen steam helps those walls to grow and also creates complicated systems of unique ice caves.