The Niagara Falls

The Niagra Falls is a collective name for the three waterfalls located on the Niagara river on the board between USA and Canada, which divides the U.S. state of New York from Canadian province Ontario.

The three Niagara Falls are the Horseshoe Falls, which is also called the Canadian Falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls.  Although, the elevation changes are not significant and the falls are very wide, the volume of water that flows through them makes the Niagara Falls to be the most powerful one in the North America.

The Falls height is 53 metres. Because of the presence of giant boulders at the base of the American Falls the heigh of it is only 21 metres.  The American Falls are 323 metres wide and the Horseshoe is 792 metres.  The volume of water approaching the falls is more than 5700 cubic metres per second.

The most beautiful view can be seen from the Canadian shore.  A few hundreds metres lower, the Rainbow Bridge connects two countries, and it’s open for pedestrians and  vehicles. Hydroelectric stations with a total capacity up to 4,4 GW are build under the Falls.

Not long ago, scientists became interested in the Falls origin.

The scientists had to go for 5-10 thousands years back. It has become possible because of studying the bottom of  lake Erie, from which all the water floats into the falls; and also studying the soil layers age.

During the Ice Age, massive ice melting   has caused Erie’s overflow and it started erupting excess water.

Nowadays, we have an opportunity to admire the view of the Niagara Falls. Great Lakes generously splash water from their height and the thunderous  sound is always recorded by tourists.